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What is the practical rules on the packaging, transport, storage, use and handling of dry cell batteries?

the practical rules on the packaging

#1-General Rules

A high level of satisfaction among users of dry cell batteries results from the overall effect of good habits and practices in the production, distribution and use of batteries. These rules set out in broad terms some good practices. They are provided in the form of recommendations to battery manufacturers, wholesalers and users.

#2-Packaging of Dry Cells

Packaging should be appropriate to avoid damage to the batteries during transport, handling and stacking. Appropriate packaging materials and packaging design should be selected to prevent the from accidental conductivity, extreme corrosion and moisture.

#3-Transport and Handling of Dry Batteries

Batteries should be subjected to as little shock and vibration as possible. For example, battery boxes should not be thrown off the stack from a truck; they should not be stacked too high and exceed the load-bearing limit of the bottom box; they should be protected from adverse weather conditions.

#4-Storage of dry batteries, stock turnover

The storage area should be clean, cool, dry, ventilated and not affected by the weather.

For normal storage, the temperature should be between + 10°C and + 25°C and should not exceed ten 30°C. Extremes of humidity (relative humidity above 95% and below 40%) should be avoided for long periods of time, as such humidity is harmful to both the battery and the packaging. Therefore, batteries should not be stored next to radiators or boilers, nor should they be placed in direct sunlight.

Although the storage life of batteries is relatively long at room temperature, it can be further improved by storing them at lower temperatures (-10°C to 10°C or deep freezing below -10°C) with precautions taken by the special sister. Batteries should be sealed in special protective packaging (e.g. sealed plastic bags) and kept in this packaging during the temperature rise to room temperature to protect them from condensation. Rapid temperature rise is harmful.

Batteries that have returned to room temperature after refrigeration should be used as soon as possible.

Batteries can be stored in electrical appliances or in a package if the battery manufacturer deems it appropriate.

The height at which batteries are stacked obviously depends on the strength of the packaging. The general rule is that paper boxes should not be stacked higher than 1.5 m and wooden boxes should not exceed 3 m.

The above recommendations also apply to the storage conditions of batteries in long-distance transport. Therefore, batteries should be stored away from the ship’s engine and should not be left in unventilated metal shed cars (containers) for long periods of time during the summer.

Batteries produced should be sent out immediately and turned around from the batch release centre to the user, which can be done in a sequential turnaround (first incoming battery first out). Storage and display areas should be planned and marked on the packaging.

#5-Display of Dry Batteries at the Point of Sale

After opening the battery packaging, care should be taken to avoid damage to the batteries and electrical contact, for example, batteries should not be stacked together.

Batteries for sale should not be exposed to direct sunlight in the window for long periods of time.

The battery manufacturer should provide sufficient information to enable the retailer to correctly fit the batteries to the user, especially when fitting batteries for the first time to newly purchased electrical appliances.

Measuring instruments cannot reliably compare the performance of good batteries of different grades or from different manufacturers, but they do detect serious defects in batteries.

#6-How Do I Buy, Use and Handle Dry Batteries?

6.1 ,Purchase

Batteries of the right size and type, best suited to the intended use, should be purchased. Many battery manufacturers offer a wide range of battery types in various sizes. At the point of sale and on the appliance there should be a description or indication of the type of battery most suitable for the appliance.

When batteries of a specified grade, size and type are not available, alternative batteries can be selected based on the type of battery indicating the electrochemical system and size. The battery label should indicate the type and should also clearly indicate the voltage, the name or trademark of the manufacturer or supplier, the date of manufacture (year and month) and the shelf life, or the end of the recommended use period; and the polarity of the battery (“tens” and “→”). For some batteries, some of the above information may be marked on the packaging (see

6.2, Installation

Before installing the battery into the battery compartment of the appliance, check that the contact parts of the battery and the appliance are clean and that the polarity of the battery is in the correct direction. If necessary, wipe with a damp cloth and allow to dry before fitting the battery.

The correct orientation of the polarities (“+” and “I”) is extremely important when loading batteries. The instructions for the appliance should be read carefully (the appliance should be accompanied by an instruction manual) and the batteries recommended in the manual should be used; otherwise there is a risk of appliance failure and damage to the appliance and/or batteries.

6.3 ,Use

Do not use the appliance under harsh conditions, e.g. next to a radiator or in a parked car in the sun.

It is useful to remove the batteries from appliances that are no longer working properly or that have not been used for a long period of time (e.g. cameras, photo flashes, etc.) in good time.

Ensure that the power is switched off after the appliance has been used.

Store the batteries in a cool, dry place and out of direct sunlight.

6.4 ,Replacement

Newly purchased batteries should not be mixed with partially drained batteries, and batteries of different electrochemical systems, types or grades should not be mixed; ignoring these warnings can leave some batteries in a group in an over-discharged state during use, increasing the likelihood of leakage.

6.5, Handling

Look at the instructions on the battery to see if it contains mercury and cadmium and if it is environmentally friendly. If it is an environmentally friendly battery it can be disposed of directly as ordinary waste, if it is a non-environmentally friendly battery, it needs to be recycled by a special battery recycling company.

Carl Zhang

Carl Zhang

I am a senior sales with 15 years in the battery industry and a bachelor's degree in economics.
I will be sharing some of my expertise on batteries and my insights into the battery industry in my blog, which should help you with your purchases in China.

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